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This week, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released an updated Vaccine Information Sheet (VIS) for smallpox/monkeypox. Monkeypox is an emerging infection currently spreading around the world, including in the United States. While monkeypox tends to be milder than smallpox, it can cause death.

The VIS answers the question, “Why get vaccinated for smallpox/monkeypox?” The updated document also explains how the vaccine works, the recommended vaccine schedule, and CDC’s recommendations for who should be vaccinated—especially laboratory workers, emergency response team members, and those who care for patients who could be infected with the viruses.

The updated VIS should be used by providers immediately, though it is acceptable to continue using the previous edition until stocks are exhausted.

You can access the updated VIS on the CDC website.